U.S. stocks seesawed Tuesday as investors look to close out a rocky month of trading that saw the S&P 500 flirt with bear market territory amid inflation and recession fears.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average shed about 55 points, or 0.2%. The S&P 500 was little changed. The Nasdaq Composite ticked up 0.1%, after being down nearly 1.6% at its lows of the session and up 0.4% at its highs.
After a holiday hiatus Monday, U.S. stocks are wrapping up a roller-coaster May. The Dow and the S&P 500 are both marginally higher on the month, while the Nasdaq is off by more than 1%.
Earlier in May, the Federal Reserve hiked interest rates by half a percentage point in a bid to tamp down generationally hot inflation. Recession fears have mounted as market participants fear the Fed’s policy tightening will trigger an economic decline.
“Higher inflation and slower growth are now the consensus view but that doesn’t mean it’s fully discounted,” Morgan Stanley’s Mike Wilson said in a note Tuesday.
Investors also eyed the continuing war in Ukraine and Covid outbreaks in China, raising concerns about global commodities and supply chain challenges.
Stocks struggled amid the negative cross currents. The S&P 500 on May 20 dipped into bear market territory briefly, falling 20% below its high at one point during the session. Meanwhile, the Dow saw its longest weekly losing streak since 1923, falling for eight consecutive weeks before a massive rally last week.
Tuesday’s market action underscored fears that high inflation is weighing on economic growth. In Europe, euro zone inflation readings released Tuesday hit a record high for a seventh straight month, surging 8.1% in May. In the U.S., the core personal consumption expenditures price index — the Fed’s preferred inflation gauge — rose by 4.9% in April from a year ago.
Industrial stocks linked to the economic cycle fell Tuesday, dragging down the Dow. 3M, Honeywell and Boeing each lost about 2%.
Health care was among the worst-performing S&P sectors, down 1.4% Tuesday. Johnson & Johnson led the Dow to the downside, off by nearly 2%.
Worries over higher inflation also grew as oil prices jumped following the European Union agreeing to ban most crude imports from Russia. West Texas Intermediate futures rose about 2% to more than $117 per barrel. Brent crude, the global oil benchmark, rose more than 1% to about $123 per barrel.
Energy stocks rallied as oil prices rose. Marathon Oil jumped more than 4%, while Diamondback Energy rose about 2% and Devon Energy gained more than 1%.
The Dow and the S&P 500 were coming off their best weekly gains since November 2020. The blue-chip average closed up 6.2% for the week, ending an eight-week losing streak. The S&P 500 gained 6.5%, and the Nasdaq added 6.8% on the week, ending positive after seven continual weeks of losses.
Still, stocks remain well off their highs. The Dow is about 10% below its record, the S&P 500 is down more than 13%, and the Nasdaq is off by roughly 25%.
“Bear markets are incredibly difficult to navigate, because they are inherently volatile and prone to sharp upside rallies,” Wolfe Research’s Chris Senyek said in a note Tuesday.