Twitter shareholders are suing Elon Musk, and Twitter itself, over their handling of a chaotic acquisition process that is still underway, and that has contributed to volatile price swings in the company’s stock price.
The Tesla and SpaceX CEO revealed a significant stake in Twitter on April 4, and ten days later proposed a buyout for $44 billion, or $54.20 per share. He has both sold and pledged a chunk of his Tesla holdings as collateral for loans in order to finance the deal.
Since Musk’s acquisition bid, Twitter’s share price has dropped more than 12%, and Tesla’s is down about 28% as part of a broad sell-off in tech stocks. Tesla’s share price is off about 40% since Musk first revealed his stake.
In a proposed class action lawsuit filed on Wednesday, Twitter shareholders allege that Musk violated California corporate laws on several fronts, and in so doing engaged in market manipulation.
For one, they claim that Musk financially benefitted by delaying required disclosures about his stake in Twitter and by temporarily concealing his plan in early April to become a board member at the social network.
Musk also snapped up shares in Twitter, the complaint says, while he knew insider information about the company based on private conversations with board members and execs, including former CEO Jack Dorsey, a long-time friend of Musk’s, and Silver Lake co-CEO Egon Durban, a Twitter board member whose firm had previously invested in SolarCity before Tesla acquired it.
Dorsey officially resigned from Twitter’s board of directors on Wednesday. Shareholders voted not to re-instate Durban.
The proposed class action lawsuit also contends that Musk broke California laws by sowing doubt about whether he would complete the deal after signing the contract to buy it.
Earlier this month, Musk said he was putting the Twitter acquisition “on hold” to learn more about inauthentic activity on the platform, including around fake or automated accounts.
The shareholders’ complaint says his gripes about “bots” were part of a scheme to negotiate a better price or kill the deal:
“Musk proceeded to make statements, send tweets, and engage in conduct designed to create doubt about the deal and drive Twitter’s stock down substantially in order to create leverage that Musk hoped to use to either back out of the purchase or to re-negotiate the buyout price by as much as 25% which, if accomplished, would result in an $11 billion reduction in the Buyout consideration.”
According to California state law, corporations in the state have to exclude board members from voting on proposals if they have engaged in some kinds of misconduct relevant or connected to those proposals.
Twitter declined to comment. Musk did not return requests for comment.
The case, Heresniak v. Musk et al, was filed in a California Northern District Court and the shareholders are seeking a jury trial. The shareholders’ complaint is subject to further revisions.